If serious citizens of the world imagine a politically united humanity, then this should be realized in the form of a democratic World Federation, which can also be more simply called a World Union. The nations will remain. They only transfer as much sovereignty to the World Union as it needs to fulfil its global tasks. All this must be regulated by a world legal order that is binding on everyone.
No one with reason would want a world empire under a world emperor, a centrally managed world state or even a world dictatorship. Such a thing would hardly be feasible. Voluntary agreement and
the globalisation of democracy are at the forefront. Of course, a democratic world order also includes the regulation of power through the separation of powers between the legislative, executive
and judicial branches, as is already practised successfully in functioning democracies around the globe.
It should therefore be clear that humanity needs a World Parliament for this, whose representatives are directly elected by the world's citizens. Otherwise it would not be a democracy. The European Parliament can set an example. Such a World Parliament would be responsible for the creation of a global legal order, equally valid for all, which would then be implemented by a world administration (a more appropriate term instead of world government) and on the basis of which supranational courts could judge. This is the only way to organize a politically united humanity, global justice and lasting world peace effectively and sustainably.
Because of the UN's inadequate role from the very beginning, different concepts for a World Parliament emerged after the Second World War, but over time they became largely meaningless. One example is the World Parliament according to the draft World Constitution and Parliament Associacion (WCPA). Attempts to implement this through a Provisional World Parliament bypassing the UN have so far failed due to the often irrational approach of its supporters. In the same way, the Congress of Peoples, which emerged from the World Citizens Groups around the World Citizens Register in Paris, lacks any political relevance.
On the other hand, the UNPA Campaign occupies a more favourable position, which has now attracted much attention. It aims to reform and further develop the United Nations. As a first decisive step, the initiators propose the establishment of a consultative Parliamentary Assembly at the United Nations, without the need to amend the UN Charter. A further goal to be pursued would be to develop a two-chamber world legislative body: The World Parliament directly elected by the world's citizens and the existing UN General Assembly representing the national governments.
Jo Leinen / Andreas Bummel
This way is certainly very difficult. The creation of a World Parliament will be a complex process that should not be unnecessarily complicated. There are many concrete and useful proposals, but
there are also many that seem unrealistic. The idea of including direct-democratic procedures sounds progressive, but is unlikely to be feasible at global level for the time being. There is not
enough time for dubious experiments. For the time being, humanity must be content with parliamentary democracy, which would be a huge step forward for the globalisation of democracy.
The legal form and regulation of a World Parliament is ultimately reserved for experts. The logical consequence would be a revision of the UN Charter and a fundamental reform of the UN. These are all decisions that must be discussed in the United Nations General Assembly and passed by majorities. The fact that reasonable majorities are possible at the UN is shown by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty adopted in 2017.
This does not mean that World Citizens and non-governmental organisations should not participate. They in particular are urgently called upon to do so. It is very important that all those who want a better world not only protest against existing grievances, but also call constructively for the further development of the United Nations and the globalisation of democracy. An opportunity for this is offered by the Global Action Week for a World Parliament, which takes place annually around 24 October (United Nations Day).
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